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The significance of trade in developing nations made this study examine the impact of trade balance, exchange rate, and money supply on economic growth in Nigeria's economy and serve as a lesson for other African countries. The study relies on the Mundell-Fleming BOP model for its framework using secondary time-series data extracted from the statistical bulletin of the Central Bank of Nigeria from 1981 to 2020. The ARDL cointegration of the least square was adopted. The result showed a long-term relationship among trade balance, exchange rate, broad money supply, interest rate, inflation rate, and economic growth in Nigeria. Our study thus concludes that the oil trade balance is the fundamental driver of Nigeria's economic growth. Appropriately, we suggested that to ensure economic growth in Nigeria and other African countries. The government should strategise on policies to develop trade in the non-oil sector. Also, the monetary authorities should design frameworks towards making money supply growth enhancers and stabilising the exchange rate for domestic countries to gain more from trade by intensifying the flux of credit to the real and exporting sector towards setting the economies on the track of expansion.
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