1.Quoting according to the APA rules

Whenever you literally copy text from a source, it’s called a quote. Copying a definition of a concept from a certain source is an example of a quote.

The APA Style has established a number of rules for the layout of quotations. For example, you must use double quotation marks when writing a quote with fewer than 40 words.

1.1-Quote of fewer than 40 words

When citing a section of text fewer than 40 words, you use double quotation marks directly before and directly after the quote.

Example: Quote of fewer than 40 words

The definition of soccer is, according to Van Persie (2014), “running back and forth with each other and whoever scores the most, wins” (p.15).

A famous soccer player always said, “playing soccer with each other on a beautiful Sunday afternoon is the greatest thing there is” (Sneijder, 2013, pp. 2-3).

1.2-Quote of 40 words or more

If the quote contains 40 words or more, then place the quote in a separate block that begins on a new line and is indented in its entirety. This is called a block quote.

When you have a quote with multiple paragraphs, further indent the first line of every paragraph after the first paragraph.

If the quote ends with a period, then you note the source reference only after the period. See the example below for more explanation.

Example: Quote of more than 40 words

The implementation of ITS/ICT (Intelligent Transport systems/Information and Communication Technology) solutions in urban freight transport necessarily require mature planning environment, clear objectives and eager involvement of various stakeholders from both the public and the private sector.

Yet some of these requirements extend far beyond the city authorities competence and address the policy making on the national level. The above mentioned measures should be enforced as a part of a complex concept with a well designed system of supporting actions outstretching previously implemented solutions. Technology used should be proven and based on sound business cases engaging reliable private actors. (Jacek & Daniel , 2016, p. 434)