Management & Economics Research Journal <p>Management &amp; Economics Research Journal constitutes a wide scientific space for various academic public, researchers, problem-solvers and decision-makers from inside and outside Algeria, for purpose of publishing original research previously unpublished and not submitted for publication anywhere else and characterized by quality and originality, and edited in Arabic or English languages. The goal of the journal is to create a scientist space with the issues related to Business, Management, Accounting, Economics, Econometrics and Finance in the Algerian, African and international context, which can be analyzed and discussed by academics and researchers, national and international, of the highest level. Given its international orientation, the Journal is especially open to scientifically and practically valid contributions from abroad. The Journal provides online Open Access to the content in the full text of all published contributions.</p> <div class="alert alert-success" style="margin-bottom: -25px; margin-top: -25px; padding: 4px; text-align: center;"><a class="highlightit" title="Open-access journal distributed under the terms of (CC BY-NC 4.0)"><img style="display: block; margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;" src="/merj/public/site/images/admin/OpenAcess-with-CCby.png" width="150" height="26"></a>This journal is fully open access and doesn't have any article processing charges "APCs" or publication fees.</div> <p><a class="highlightit"><br></a><button class="btn btn-default center-block dropdown-toggle collapsed" style="box-shadow: 1px 2px 4px rgb(0 0 0 / 12%);" type="button" data-toggle="collapse" data-target="#demo" aria-expanded="false"><em class="fa fa-info-circle fa-lg" style="color: #1e74e391;">&nbsp;</em>Journal Information</button></p> <div id="demo" class="collapse" style="border-radius: 8px; padding: 3px; box-shadow: rgba(74, 181, 224, 0.67) 1px 2px 4px; color: rgba(10, 11, 10, 0.72); height: 6px; margin-top: -15px;" aria-expanded="false"><span class="badge badge-danger" style="background-color: #c7237eb5;"><strong>e-ISSN:</strong></span> <a class="hvr-underline-from-center side-menu_hover_effect" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2710-8856</a><br><span class="badge badge-danger" style="background-color: #c7237eb5;"><strong>p-ISSN:</strong></span> <a class="hvr-underline-from-center side-menu_hover_effect" href="">2676-184X</a><br><span class="badge badge-danger" style="background-color: #f4ae24;"><strong> Title DOI:</strong></span> <a class="hvr-underline-from-center side-menu_hover_effect" href=";from_ui=yes&amp;type-name=Journal" target="_blank" rel="noopener">10.48100/merj</a> by <a class="highlightit" title="Crossref" href=";sort=year&amp;from_ui=yes" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="" width="èà" height="24"></a><br><strong style="color: #279bbe;"><em class="fa fa-check-square-o">&nbsp;</em>Type of peer-review:</strong> Double-blind peer review<br><strong style="color: #279bbe;"><em class="fa fa-check-square-o">&nbsp;</em>Frequency:</strong> Biannual (<span class="aCOpRe">2 issues/year: March &amp; September starting from January 1, 2021</span>)<strong style="color: #279bbe;"><br><em class="fa fa-check-square-o">&nbsp;</em>Business model: </strong><a class="hvr-underline-from-center side-menu_hover_effect" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">OA</a> (Not charge article processing charges "APCs" or publication fees), fully open access for readers and authors<br><strong style="color: #279bbe;"><em class="fa fa-check-square-o">&nbsp;</em>Languages of publication:</strong> Arabic &amp; English<strong><br><strong style="color: #279bbe;"><em class="fa fa-check-square-o">&nbsp;</em>Published since: </strong></strong>2019<strong><br><strong style="color: #279bbe;"><em class="fa fa-check-square-o">&nbsp;</em>Title in English: </strong></strong>Management &amp; Economics Research Journal<strong><br><strong style="color: #279bbe;"><em class="fa fa-check-square-o">&nbsp;</em>Аlternative titles:</strong><br></strong>مجلة بحوث الإدارة و الاقتصاد<strong><br></strong>Magallat buhut al-idarat wa al-iqtisad <strong><br><strong style="color: #279bbe;"><em class="fa fa-check-square-o">&nbsp;</em>Founder &amp; Publisher: </strong></strong><a class="hvr-underline-from-center side-menu_hover_effect" href="" target="_blank" rel="\&quot;noopener\&quot; noopener">Ziane Achour University of Djelfa</a><strong><br><strong style="color: #279bbe;"><em class="fa fa-check-square-o">&nbsp;</em>Country: </strong></strong><a class="hvr-underline-from-center side-menu_hover_effect" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Algeria</a><strong><br><strong style="color: #279bbe;"><em class="fa fa-check-square-o">&nbsp;</em>Indexed in</strong>: </strong><a class="hvr-underline-from-center side-menu_hover_effect" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">ERIHPLUS</a>, <a class="hvr-underline-from-center side-menu_hover_effect" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">DOAJ</a>, <a class="hvr-underline-from-center side-menu_hover_effect" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">EBSCO</a> and <a class="hvr-underline-from-center side-menu_hover_effect" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">more</a><strong><br><strong style="color: #279bbe;"><em class="fa fa-check-square-o">&nbsp;</em>Acceptance rate: </strong></strong>33%<br><strong style="color: #279bbe;"><em class="fa fa-check-square-o">&nbsp;</em>Submission to first decision: </strong>1 Week<br><strong style="color: #279bbe;"><em class="fa fa-check-square-o">&nbsp;</em>Peer-review speed: </strong>4-8 Weeks <div class="wrapper"> <div class="counter col_fourth"> <h2 class="timer count-title count-number" data-to="3" data-speed="1500">&nbsp;</h2> <p class="count-text ">Volumes</p> </div> <div class="counter col_fourth"> <h2 class="timer count-title count-number" data-to="11" data-speed="1500">&nbsp;</h2> <p class="count-text ">Issues</p> </div> <div class="counter col_fourth end"> <h2 class="timer count-title count-number" data-to="88" data-speed="1500">&nbsp;</h2> <p class="count-text ">Articles</p> </div> </div> </div> Faculty of Economics, Commercial & Management Sciences ,Ziane Achour University of Djelfa (Algeria) en-US Management & Economics Research Journal 2676-184X <p><button class="btn btn-default dropdown-toggle collapsed" style="font-size: 13px; padding: 6px;" type="button" data-toggle="collapse" data-target="#demo" aria-expanded="false"> Copyright Notice</button></p> <div id="demo" class="collapse" style="background: rgba(255, 215, 0, 0.11) none repeat scroll 0% 0%; padding: 12px; border-radius: 2px;"> <p>Management &amp; Economics Research Journal is licensed under a <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">(CC BY-NC 4.0)</a>.</p> <p>The following guidelines apply to all users:</p> <ul> <li class="show">-Individuals may view, download, print, or save Journal content for the purposes of research and teaching.</li> <li class="show">-Any use and/or copies of this Journal in whole or in part, must include the customary bibliographic citation, including author attribution, date, article title, the Journal name and its website address.</li> </ul> <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <p>a) Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="">(CC BY-NC 4.0)</a> that allows others to share and adapt the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</p> <p>b) Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work . Where authors include such a work in an institutional repository or on their website , we request that they include a statement that acknowledges the Management &amp; Economics Resaerch journal including the name of the journal, the volume and issue and a web-link to the journal item.</p> <p>c) Authors should be aware that the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) License permits readers to share (copy and redistribute the work in any medium or format) and adapt (remix, transform, and build upon the work) for any purpose, even commercially, provided they also give appropriate credit to the work, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. They may do these things in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests you or your publisher endorses their use.</p> </div> Sectoral Approach in Output Growth Decomposition and its Determinants in Europe <p>The structural changes in Europe have occurred over the last several decades, reducing output share in the goods sector, while increasing its share in overall services. Applying the growth accounting approach, we decomposed output growth in the economy while following the sectoral approach, in ten individual sectors in twenty-six European countries, from 2000 to 2019. Our analysis shows that total factor productivity has accounted for almost half of the European countries growth in output in the last two decades, with the other half primarily accounted for by increases in fixed asset growth and employment growth, while its variations among sectors are significant. The output growth in the services sector is significantly more driven by employment growth than in the goods sector, leading to overall employment growth in the economy. Applying the panel pooled OLS model, we found that the relevance of expenditures for research and development is high and positive in all sectors, but higher in industry and knowledge-intensive services (information and communication, scientific activities) compared to all sectors average. To the best knowledge of the author, this is the first study presenting output growth decomposition estimates at the sectoral level for a selected group of countries, but also the first study presenting estimates of TFP in the total economy for a selected time periods. In addition, this is the first study that presents the relevance of investment in research and development at the sectoral level in this specific time period and group of countries. Results of the study may be used in defining national policies priorities, as there are varieties among sectors in terms of their impact on employment and economic growth.</p> Maja Bacovic Copyright (c) 2021 Maja Bacovic 2021-09-01 2021-09-01 3 2 1 21 10.48100/merj.2021.159 Psychological Contract Breach, Behavioural Work Outcomes, Organisational Identification, and Islamic Work Ethics: A Moderated Mediation Study <p>We investigated how organisational identification (OID) mediates the influences of psychological contract breach (PCB) on two work outcomes [organisational citizenship behaviour (OCB) and counterproductive work behaviour (CWB)], and how Islamic work ethics (IWE) moderated the PCB–OID relationship. We collected data from 256 Palestinian managers in Gaza Strip ministries using a self-report questionnaire; we employed Structural Equation Modelling in analysing the data using Smart PLS. Our findings reveal that OID mediates between PCB and the two work outcomes. Further, we show that IWE has no moderating influence on the PCB–OID relationship. Finally, the influence of PCB on the two work outcomes is insignificant.</p> Monir Hamatto EL-Ghorra Siti Aisyah Binti Panatik Copyright (c) 2021 Monir Hamatto EL-Ghorra, Siti Aisyah Binti Panatik 2021-09-01 2021-09-01 3 2 22 40 10.48100/merj.2021.163 Workers’ Remittances in Yemen: Macroeconomic Determinants and Impact on Economic Growth <p>This study aims to examine the determinants of workers’ remittances and their impact on economic growth in Yemen. Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) bounds test to co-integration and error correction model (ECM) were applied on data covering the period from 1990 to 2014. According to the model of remittances determinants, workers’ remittances in Yemen respond to the macroeconomic conditions of both the home and host countries. It is found that, in the long-run, migrant stock and income level at the host countries are positively and strongly influence remittances level, with a feeble impact of domestic inflation rates. The effect of the home country’s income seems to be positive but insignificant in explaining the behavior of remittances level. The model of economic growth suggests that, in the long-run,&nbsp; the impact of workers’ remittances appears to be positive and moderate with positive and stronger influences observed for financial development and official development assistance. Accordingly, it is recommended that a lesser weight should be given to remittances in the strategic planning process, taking into consideration the increasing potentials of the conditions in the neighboring host countries to be changed. In addition, using remittances as a means of economic growth can be enhanced by encouraging migrants to direct their savings towards productive investment activities, and via formal channels.</p> Essa A. Alhannom Ghaleb S. Mushabeb Copyright (c) 2021 Essa A. Alhannom, Ghaleb S. Mushabeb 2021-09-01 2021-09-01 3 2 41 62 10.48100/merj.2021.157 Leadership Styles and Firms’ Innovation, Mediating Role of Absorptive Capacity: Empirical Evidence from Emerging Economy <p>This study contends explicitly that leadership styles (transformational and transactional) are positioned as a pylon for firms’ innovation performance. Further, this study contemplates the intermediating inspiration of absorptive capacity (potential and realized) linking leadership styles (transformational and transactional) and firms’ innovation. Data was collected from 301 permanent employees working in Pakistani manufacturing firms (food and tobacco) through the self-administered questionnaires to test the proposed hypothesis of this study. The study's findings demonstrate a positive influence of leadership styles (transformational and transactional) on the firm's innovative performance. Moreover, both absorptive capacity dimensions (potential and realized) mediate the relationship between leadership styles (transformational and transactional) and innovative performance. This study demonstrates that both leadership styles (transformational and transactional) provide phenomenal path routes to augment firms’ innovation. Overall, this study contributed a legitimate illustration of leadership styles strengthening firms’ innovation, specifically transactional leadership style, encouraging results within the developing economy perspective.</p> Irum Mushtaq Muhammad Salman Chughtai Faryal Lashari Copyright (c) 2021 Irum Mushtaq , Muhammad Salman Chughtai , Faryal Lashari 2021-09-01 2021-09-01 3 2 63 87 10.48100/merj.2021.162 Healthcare Financing and Health Outcomes: Analysis of Oil-Producing Countries in Africa <p>The major concern of the study is on healthcare financing and health outcomes in the major oil-producing countries in Africa. We used the data sorted from World Development Indicators (WDI) to identify the effect of four different health expenditures on the rate of mortalities on maternal, under-five, infant, neonatal and life expectancy at birth through random and fixed-effect models. This paper also takes cognizance of the environmental variable (pollution) that is common to the top 10 oil-producing countries in Africa. Our findings showed that high health expenditure from government, private and external sources improved health outcomes, while health expenditure from out of pocket is detrimental to health outcomes. Also, the environmental variable has a negative impact on life expectancy. The outcome of the paper indicated that there is a need to reduce environmental pollution, increase health expenditure from government, private, external sources and reduce out of pocket payments in the selected areas.</p> Olaide Sekinat Opeloyeru Nurudeen Abiodun Lawal Kehinde Kabir Agbatogun Copyright (c) 2021 Olaide Sekinat Opeloyeru , Lawal Nurudeen Abiodun , Kabir Agbatogun Kehinde 2021-09-01 2021-09-01 3 2 88 103 10.48100/merj.2021.158 Debt, COVID-19 and Inclusive Growth for Sustainable Development in Sub-Saharan Africa <p>The socio-economic crisis associated with COVID-19 is threatening progress towards attaining sustainable development goals. In this regard, global GDP is to contract in 2020 by 5.2% as against 2.8% in SSA. In addition, as global recession is imminent, developing countries stand to accommodate about 60 million people into extreme poverty amid rising debt. However, as an indispensable requirement for sustainable development, United Nations and African Union resolve to eradicate extreme poverty through aspirations for inclusive growth by 2030 and 2063, respectively. It is on this background this paper examines the impact of debt and COVID-19, as well as the effectiveness of growth inclusiveness for sustainable development in SSA. Imperatively, using a panel of 43 countries over the period 2016-2019, it is established that the level of employment increases, just as life expectancy improves, in tandem with inclusive growth. Also, the timeline analysis of the COVID-19 period reveals that the unemployment rate, as well as public debt, is increasing substantially above the levels before the outbreak; thereby portending a setback on the gains so far achieved towards sustainable development in the region. As such, total debt cancellation is suggested along with more financial assistance to economies in the region.</p> Bashir Olayinka Kolawole Copyright (c) 2021 Kolawole Bashir Olayinka 2021-09-01 2021-09-01 3 2 104 134 10.48100/merj.2021.161