Article Withdrawal, Retraction or Removal
Withdrawing refers to unpublished papers, under review or accepted. Withdrawing a paper during peer-review or (worse) during the production after acceptance, but before publication, is an uncommon event and not considered good scientific practice, and must be done only in exceptional cases.
To avoid withdrawal of a manuscript
- -We request the authors especially to the corresponding author or the first author to address the following issues before submitting the manuscript:
- -Check several times that the facts and data presented in the manuscripts are error-free and accurate.
- -Confirm that the facts and data included in the manuscript are the authors’ own work, authors are permitted to use the materials and resources as they have been used in the study.
- -Verify that all authors agree to the presentation and interpretation of the facts and data given in the manuscript. In case of any changes of opinion, address all the authors before submitting the manuscript for publication.
- -Before submitting the article for publication, inform all the authors, the name of the journal to which the manuscript is being submitted and give them a copy of the final article.
- -Justify that all the authors agree on the specific journal to submit the manuscript for publication. If there are any disagreements about the selection of the journal, find a journal that is agreeable to all authors before submitting the manuscript for publication.
- -Submit the manuscript to only one journal for consideration of publication. Do not submit the manuscript to another journal at the same time.
- -The journal does not accept the withdrawal of the manuscript once it is accepted by another Journal.
- -If the authors do not reply to a communication from the editorial office, even after multiple reminders, at any stage of the publication process. Management & Economics Research Journal holds all rights to disclose the conduct of the authors and content of the manuscript without further approval from the authors, and cannot be held responsible for the consequences arising from it.
Articles may only be withdrawn if they have not been formally published. To withdraw an article, the authors must write a clear and concise letter and send it to Contact@merj.dz, with an in-depth explanation as to why the manuscript needs to be withdrawn. The letter must be signed by all authors. The journal maintains the right to withdraw an article due to the presence of plagiarism, fraudulent use of data or violations of other ethical codes.
Note that if Authors retain the copyright for an article this does not mean they automatically have the right to withdraw it after publication. The integrity of the published scientific record is of paramount importance and these policies on retractions and withdrawals still apply in such cases.
Journal Editors should consider retracting a publication if:
- -It contains infringements of professional ethical codes, such as multiple submissions, bogus claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data, etc.
- -It contains major errors (e.g. miscalculations or experimental errors) or the main conclusion is no longer valid or seriously undermined as a result of new evidence coming to light of which Authors were not aware at the time of publication.
Journal Editors shall determine based on investigation whether a retraction is required and in such cases shall act in accordance with COPE’s Retraction Guidelines. The following best practice for article retraction has been adopted by Management & Economics Research Journal :
- -A retraction note titled “Retraction: [Article Title]” which is signed by the Authors and/or the Editor is published in a subsequent issue of the journal and is listed in the table of contents of this issue.
- -In the electronic version, a link is added to the original article.
- -The online article is preceded by a screen containing the retraction note; it is to this screen that the link resolves; the reader can then proceed to the article itself.
- -The original article is retained unchanged except for a watermark which is included on each page of the article PDF indicating that it has been “retracted”.
Note that if Authors retain the copyright for an article this does not mean they automatically have the right to retract it after publication. The integrity of the published scientific record is of paramount importance and COPE’s Retraction Guidelines still apply in such cases.
In an extremely limited number of cases, it may be necessary to remove a published article from the online database. This will only happen if an article is clearly defamatory, or infringes others’ legal rights, or where the article is, or we have good reason to expect that it will be, the subject of a court order, or where the article if acted upon, may pose a serious health risk. In such circumstances, while the metadata (i.e. title and author information) of the article will be retained, the text will be replaced with a screen indicating that the article has been removed for legal reasons.