Main Article Content


Training and career development have been considered to improve employee performance because better-quality human capital is vital in enhancing employee performance. This study analysed the influence of training on the performance of public procurement professionals when mediated by career development in Tanzania. The study used a cross-sectional research design involving 204 public procurement professionals from Dodoma city in Tanzania. The study applied Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) as a part of Covariance Based-Structural Equation Modelling (CB-SEM) and Hayes' PROCESS macro to analyse the data and determine the relationship between the training and performance of public procurement professionals when mediated by career development in Tanzania. The results show that training and career development determine the performance of public procurement professionals. Training facilitates the career development of public procurement professionals, whereas career development mediates the relationship between training and the performance of public procurement professionals. This study only considers training and career development, among other aspects of human resource development practices. This excludes the other human resource development practices in public organisations. This study brings together human resource development concepts (training and career development) and the performance of public procurement professionals. Thus, it adds value to the literature on human resource management concerning the performance of public procurement professionals.


  1. Ab Hamid, M. R., Sami, W., & Mohmad Sidek, M. H. (2017). Discriminant Validity Assessment: Use of Fornell & Larcker criterion versus HTMT Criterion. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 890(1), 1–5.
  2. Ameyaw, D. A. K., Peprah, W. K., & Anowuo, I. (2019). Human Capital Development and Organizational Performance: A Conceptual Review. International Journal of Innovative Research and Development, 8(10).
  3. Amoah-Mensah, A., & Darkwa, P. (2016). Training and Development Process and Employees' Performance in the "Chop Bar" Industry. Journal of Research and Development, 3(1), 34–57.
  4. Arubayi, D. O., Eromafuru, E. D., & Egbule, A. C. S. (2020). Human resource development and employee performance: The role of individual absorptive capacity in the Nigerian oil sector. Journal of Management Information and Decision Sciences, 23(2), 1–15.
  5. Bakar, A., Ali, A., & Zaki, W. (2016). Employee Training As a Predictor of Self-Efficacy in Financial Institutions of Pakistan: a Note. Paradigms, 10(02), 94–103.
  6. Bals, L., Schulze, H., Kelly, S., & Stek, K. (2019). Purchasing and supply management (PSM) competencies: Current and future requirements. Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management, 25(5), 1–15.
  7. Becker, G. S. (1962). Investment in Human Capital: A Theoretical Analysis. Journal of Political Economy, 70(5), 9–49.
  8. Becker, G. S. (1964). Human Capital. New York, United States: Columbia University Press for the National Bureau of Economic Research.
  9. Changalima, I. A., Mushi, G. O., & Mwaiseje, S. S. (2021). Procurement planning as a strategic tool for public procurement effectiveness: Experience from selected public procuring entities in Dodoma city, Tanzania. Journal of Public Procurement, 21(1), 37–52.
  10. CIPD. (2017). Human capital theory: assessing the evidence for the value and importance of people to organisational success. Донну, (May), 1–67.
  11. Cronbach, L. J. (1951). Coefficient alpha and the internal structure of tests. Psychometrika, 16(3), 297–334.
  12. Dialoke, I., & Wabara, A. (2017). Career Development and Employee Commitment: A study of selected higher institutions in Abia State. IOSR Journal of Business and Management, 19(2), 22–27.
  13. Disdier, A. C., Fontagné, L., & Tresa, E. (2021). Economic drivers of public procurement-related protection. World Economy, 44(11), 3072–3090.
  14. Dorasamy, N. (2021). An Overview of Public Procurement, Corruption, and Governance in Africa. In N. Dorasamy & O. Fagbadebo (Eds.), Public Procurement, Corruption and the Crisis of Governance in Africa (1st ed., pp. 21–34). Palgrave Macmillan, Cham.
  15. Fornell, C., & Larcker, D. F. (1981). Evaluating Structural Equation Models with Unobservable Variables and Measurement Error. Journal of Marketing Research, 18(1), 39–50.
  16. Goshie, G. Y. (2020). The Influence of Contract Management Practices in the Effectiveness of Procurement of Goods: The Case of Ministry of Revenues, Bahir Dar Branch. Bahir Dar University, Ethiopia.
  17. Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., & Anderson, R. E. (2010). Multivariate Data Analysis (7th ed.). New York: Pearson.
  18. Hernita, H., Surya, B., Perwira, I., Abubakar, H., & Idris, M. (2021). Economic business sustainability and strengthening human resource capacity based on increasing the productivity of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in Makassar city, Indonesia. Sustainability (Switzerland), 13(6), 1–36.
  19. Hu, L. T., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling, 6(1), 1–55.
  20. Kajimbwa, M. G. A. (2018). Benchmarking accountability of local government authorities in public procurement in Tanzania: A methodological approach. Benchmarking, 25(6), 1829–1843.
  21. Kakwezi, P., & Nyeko, S. (2019). Procurement Processes and Performance: Efficiency and Effectiveness of the Procurement Function. International Journal of Social Sciences Management and Entrepreneurship, 3(1), 172–182.
  22. Kazungu, I. (2020). Network Linkages and Performance of Exporting Micro and Small Enterprises in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: Perspectives in the Handicraft Industry. Global Business Review, 1–18.
  23. Kihamba, J. S. (2021). Public Procurement Reforms in Tanzania: Dispersion of Corruption and Governance. In N. Dorasamy & O. Fagbadebo (Eds.), Public Procurement, Corruption and the Crisis of Governance in Africa (pp. 185–204). Springer International Publishing.
  24. Kuruppu, C. L., Kavirathne, C. S., & Karunarathna, N. (2021). The Impact of Training on Employee Performance in a Selected Apparel Sector Organization in Sri Lanka. Global Journal of Management and Business Research, 21(2), 5–12.
  25. Mrope, N. P. (2017). The Effect of Professionalism on Performance of Procurement Function in the Public Sector: Experience from the Tanzanian Public Entities. International Journal of Business and Management Review, 5(6), 48–59.
  26. Mwagike, L. R., & Changalima, I. A. (2022). Procurement professionals' perceptions of skills and attributes of procurement negotiators: a cross-sectional survey in Tanzania. International Journal of Public Sector Management, 35(1), 94–109.
  27. Mwasikili, N. (2020). Assessment of the factors influencing procurement performance of goods in public sector. Mzumbe University. Morogoro, Tanzania.
  28. Nami Nasution, F., Mariatin, E., & Zahreni, S. (2018). The Influence of Career Development and Organizational Culture on Employee Performance. International Journal of Scientific Research and Management, 6(01), 57–65.
  29. National Audit Office of Tanzania (NAOT). (2020). The Annual General Report of the Controller and Auditor General on the Audit of Financial Statements of the Central Government for the Financial Year Ended 30th June 2019. Dodoma, Tanzania.
  30. National Audit Office of Tanzania (NAOT). (2021). The Annual General Report of the Controller and Auditor General on the Audit of Financial Statements of the Central Government for the Financial Year Ended 30th June 2020. Dodoma, Tanzania.
  31. National Audit Office of Tanzania (NAOT). (2022). The Annual General Report of the Controller and Auditor General on the Audit of Financial Statements of the Central Government for the Financial Year Ended 30th June 2018. Dodoma, Tanzania.
  32. Niati, D. R., Siregar, Z. M. E., & Prayoga, Y. (2021). The Effect of Training on Work Performance and Career Development: The Role of Motivation as Intervening Variable. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute (BIRCI-Journal): Humanities and Social Sciences, 4(2), 2385–2393.
  33. Ntadom, G., Chidi, A. L., & Jacobs, C. (2021). Effect Of Career Development On Organisational Performance A Study Of Selected Higher Institution In Anambra State, Nigeria. International Journal of Business & Law Research, 9(2), 1–10.
  34. Okumu, E. L., Kiflemariam, A., & Mang’unyi, E. (2018). Effects of Employee Training on Employee Performance : A Case of the Judiciary of Kenya. International Journal of Research in Management, Economics and Commerce, 8(9), 39–47.
  35. Omotayo, A., Esther, A., & Ibiyinka, S. (2014). Career Development as a Determinant of Organizational Growth Modelling the. American International Journal of Social Science, 3(7), 67–76.
  36. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). (2021). Government at a Glance 2021. Paris: OECD Publishing.
  37. Otoo, F. N. K., & Mishra, M. (2018). Measuring the impact of human resource development (HRD) practices on employee performance in small and medium scale enterprises. European Journal of Training and Development, 42(7–8), 517–534.
  38. Otoo, F. N. K., Otoo, E. A., Abledu, G. K., & Bhardwaj, A. (2019). Impact of human resource development (HRD) practices on pharmaceutical industry's performance: The mediating role of employee performance. European Journal of Training and Development, 43(1/2), 188–210.
  39. Patarai, L., & Ahmad, J. (2015). Effect of Working Ability and Motivation Performance of Employees the Parks Department and Hygiene Makassar in South Sulawesi Province. International Journal of Academic Research, 7(4).
  40. Patrucco, A. S., Luzzini, D., & Ronchi, S. (2016). Evaluating the Effectiveness of Public Procurement Performance Management Systems in Local Governments. Local Government Studies, 42(5), 739–761.
  41. Public Procurement Regulatory Authority (PPRA). (2020). Annual Performance Evaluation Report for Financial Year 2019/2020. Dodoma, Tanzania.
  42. Public Procurement Regulatory Authority, & Public Procurement Regulatory Authority (PPRA). (2021). Annual Performance Evaluation Report for Financial Year 2019/2020. Dodoma, Tanzania.
  43. Ramos-Villagrasa, P. J., Barrada, J. R., Fernández-Del-Río, E., & Koopmans, L. (2019). Assessing job performance using brief self-report scales: The case of the individual work performance questionnaire. Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 35(3), 195–205.
  44. Ratemo, V., Makhamara, F., & Bula, H. (2021). Career Development and Employee Performance in Kenya Forestry Research Institute Headquarter in Muguga, Kiambu County. International Journal of Economics, Commerce and Management, 9(4), 123–137.
  45. Rodriguez, J., & Walters, K. (2017). The Importance of Training and Development in Employee Performance and Evaluation. International Journal Peer Reviewed Journal Refereed Journal Indexed Journal UGC Approved Journal Impact Factor, 3(10), 206–212.
  46. Saleem, S., & Amin, S. (2013). The Impact of Organizational Support for Career Development and Supervisory Support on Employee Performance : An Empirical Study from Pakistani Academic Sector. European Journal of Business and Management, 5(5), 194–207.
  47. Saunders, M., Lewis, P., & Thornhill, A. (2019). Research methods for business students (8th ed.). Harlow, United Kingdom: Pearson Education Limited.
  48. Serbes, M., & Albay, M. (2017). Importance of Career Planning and Development in Education. International Journal of Social Sciences & Educational Studies, 4(2).
  49. Singh, K. (2004). Impact of H.R. practices on perceived firm performance in India. Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources, 42(3), 301–317.
  50. Soper, D. S. (2020). A-priori sample size calculator for structural equation models [Software].
  51. Sturges, J., Guest, D., Conway, N., & Davey, K. M. (2002). A longitudinal study of the relationship between career management and organisational commitment among graduates in the first ten years at work. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 23(6), 731–748.
  52. Suwanto, Eka, P. D., Nofiar, Hasudungan, Agusentoso, R., Gandung, M., … Agrasadya. (2021). Effect of Human Resource Development on Employee Performance of Indonesian Manufacturing. Annals of the Romanian Society for Cell Biology, 25(4), 12711–12722.
  53. Teimouri, H., Hosseini, S. H., Imani, M., & Bagheri, E. (2018). The effect of human resource management practices on organisational effectiveness (case study: Isfahan Petrochemical Company). International Journal of Business Excellence, 15(1), 114–128.
  54. Truong, Y., & McColl, R. (2011). Intrinsic motivations, self-esteem, and luxury goods consumption. Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, 18(6), 555–561.
  55. Vaske, J. J., Beaman, J., & Sponarski, C. C. (2017). Rethinking Internal Consistency in Cronbach's Alpha. Leisure Sciences, 39(2), 163–173.
  56. Wuttaphan, N. (2017). Human Capital Theory: The Theory of Human Resource Development, Implications, and Future. 18(2), 240–253.
  57. Zaki, W., Ali, A., Bakar, A., & Sarwar, B. (2019). Role of self-efficacy in the relationship of training and employee performance. Paradigms, 13(1), 67–74.

Article Details

How to Cite
Jaffu, R. (2023). Training and Performance of Public Procurement Professionals in Tanzania: The Mediating Role of Career Development. Management & Economics Research Journal, 5(1), 127-147.
Cited by